Month: July 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute inpatient psychiatric units in Spain

Psychiatry Res. 2021 Jul 24;304:114136. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114136. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Patients with more severe mental health symptoms are treated in acute inpatient psychiatric units (AIPUs), but the functioning of these units throughout Spain has been challenged by the COVID-19 pandemic. We therefore conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study to assess the situation. An online …

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Greenness, air pollution, and mortality risk: A U.S. cohort study of cancer patients and survivors

Environ Int. 2021 Jul 28;157:106797. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106797. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that living in areas of high surrounding greenness may be associated with a lower cardiopulmonary mortality risk. However, associations of greenness with specific causes of death in cancer patients and survivors has not been examined and it is unknown …

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Healthcare professionals’ perceptions of malnutrition management and oral nutritional supplement prescribing in the community: A qualitative study

Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021 Aug;44:415-423. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.04.024. Epub 2021 May 7. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND & AIM: Protein-energy malnutrition is under-recognised in the community despite being common in older adults due to physiological and social changes which are often compounded by chronic disease. This qualitative study aimed to explore the opinions of healthcare professionals (HCPs) working in …

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microRNA-149-5p mediates the PM2.5-induced inflammatory response by targeting TAB2 via MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro

Cell Biol Toxicol. 2021 Jul 31. doi: 10.1007/s10565-021-09638-5. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Epidemiological evidence has shown that fine particulate matter (PM2.5)-triggered inflammatory cascades are pivotal causes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the specific molecular mechanism involved in PM2.5-induced COPD has not been clarified. Herein, we found that PM2.5 significantly downregulated miR-149-5p and …

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Use of wearable sensors to identify biomechanical alterations in runners with Exercise-Related lower leg pain

J Biomech. 2021 Jul 23;126:110646. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110646. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Exercise-related lower leg pain (ERLLP) is one of the most prevalent running-related injuries, however little is known about injured runners’ mechanics during outdoor running. Establishing biomechanical alterations among ERLLP runners would help guide clinical interventions. Therefore, we sought to a) identify defining biomechanical …

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Genome wide profiling of miRNAs relevant to the DNA damage response induced by hexavalent chromium exposure (DDR-related miRNAs in response to Cr (VI) exposure)

Environ Int. 2021 Jul 27;157:106782. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106782. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIM: We aimed to explore the expression of miRNAs and their potential roles in the DNA damage response (DDR) induced by Cr (VI) exposure in human B lymphoblast cells (HMy2.CIR cells) and in a population of Cr (VI)-exposed humans. METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs …

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The use of wearable sensors to assess and treat the upper extremity after stroke: a scoping review

Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jul 30:1-20. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1957027. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To address the gap in the literature and clarify the expanding role of wearable sensor data in stroke rehabilitation, we summarized the methods for upper extremity (UE) sensor-based assessment and sensor-based treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The guideline outlined by the preferred reporting …

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Contamination of Air and Surfaces in Workplaces with SARS-CoV-2 Virus: A Systematic Review

Ann Work Expo Health. 2021 Jul 30:wxab026. doi: 10.1093/annweh/wxab026. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence for air and surface contamination of workplace environments with SARS-CoV-2 RNA and the quality of the methods used to identify actions necessary to improve the quality of the data. METHODS: We searched …

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Virtual Group Appointments Reduce Distress and Improve Care Management in Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes

J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2021 Jul 30:19322968211035768. doi: 10.1177/19322968211035768. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of virtual group appointments (VGA) on self-reported health-related outcomes and care activities for young adults (YA) with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Fifty-three YA (ages 18-25 years) with T1D participated …

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Perceptions of heat-health impacts and the effects of knowledge and preventive actions by outdoor workers in Hanoi, Vietnam

Sci Total Environ. 2021 Jun 10;794:148260. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148260. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Extreme heat is an increasing climate threat, most pronounced in urban areas where poor populations are at particular risk. We analyzed heat impacts and vulnerabilities of 1027 outdoor workers who participated in a KAP survey in Hanoi, Vietnam in 2018, and the …

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