Month: August 2021

Home Hazard Removal to Reduce Falls Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Aug 2;4(8):e2122044. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.22044. ABSTRACT IMPORTANCE: Falls are the leading preventable cause of morbidity, mortality, and premature institutionalization for community-dwelling older adults. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a behavioral intervention on fall risk among older adults receiving services from an Area Agency on Aging. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This randomized …

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The effect of first-time 4-wheeled walker use on the gait of younger and older adults

PM R. 2021 Aug 31. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12700. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: The 4-wheeled walker is intended to enhance balance and gait for older adults. Yet, some research suggests that walking aids increase falls risk. An understanding of the influence of age with walker use on gait performance is required. OBJECTIVE: To examine the …

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Six Versus 12 Weeks of Outpatient Physical Therapy Including Progressive Resistance Training in Cognitively Intact Older Adults After Hip Fracture: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2021 Aug 30:glab256. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glab256. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Recovery of function and regaining muscle strength is challenging after hip fracture. We compared the effectiveness of a 12 versus 6-weeks outpatient physical therapy program with progressive resistive training (PRT) to increase strength and physical performance. METHODS: …

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Describing the occupational nature of practice: A scoping review

Scand J Occup Ther. 2021 Aug 29:1-10. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2021.1968949. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Describing how occupation is used in practice can be challenging for occupational therapists. Occupation-centred, occupation-based, and occupation-focussed terminology are frequently used interchangeably and ambiguously to describe practice. However, ambiguous language creates confusion and inadequately demonstrates the value of occupation. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: …

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The impact of airborne endotoxin exposure on rheumatoid arthritis-related joint damage, autoantigen expression, autoimmunity, and lung disease

Int Immunopharmacol. 2021 Aug 27;100:108069. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2021.108069. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Airborne biohazards are risk factors in the development and severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and RA-associated lung disease, yet the mechanisms explaining this relationship remain unclear. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) is a ubiquitous inflammatory agent in numerous environmental and occupational air pollutant settings recognized …

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Assessment of diagnostic potential of some circulating microRNAs in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients, an Egyptian study

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2021 Aug 10;208:106883. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106883. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have been carried out to identify the role of microRNA (miRNA) as potential biomarkers for many diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of this study was to explore the circulating levels of some miRNAs in cohort of …

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Associations of health-related quality of life with sociodemographic characteristics, health, pain, and lifestyle factors, and motivation for changing lifestyle in adults living with chronic pain: a cross-sectional exploratory study

Scand J Pain. 2021 Aug 27. doi: 10.1515/sjpain-2021-0062. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health, pain and lifestyle factors, as well as motivation for lifestyle changes, in adults living with chronic pain referred to a Danish pain centre. METHODS: A total of 144 outpatients …

Associations of health-related quality of life with sociodemographic characteristics, health, pain, and lifestyle factors, and motivation for changing lifestyle in adults living with chronic pain: a cross-sectional exploratory study Read More »

Practice educators’ emphasis on research in supervision of occupational therapy students

Scand J Occup Ther. 2021 Aug 27:1-15. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2021.1968948. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: One approach to promote students’ use of research in future practice involves integrating students’ research use in supervision during practice placements. Studies examining this aspect of supervision in practice placements are lacking. AIM: To explore how practice educators perceive and …

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Psychological Effects of Screen Time in Health Care Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2021 Aug 26;23(5):21m02959. doi: 10.4088/PCC.21m02959. ABSTRACT Objective: As the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak is the first pandemic to occur in the modern smartphone era, people universally rely on their electronic devices to stay current on the rapidly evolving circumstances. The objective of this study was to examine how daily screen …

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