Month: October 2021

Prevalence of Walking Limitation after Acute Stroke and its Impact on Discharge to Home

Phys Ther. 2021 Oct 23:pzab246. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzab246. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide contemporary estimates of the prevalence of lower extremity motor impairment and walking limitation after first-ever stroke, and to characterize the predictive nature of early walking ability for being discharged home after acute hospitalization. METHODS: …

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Pain management and coping strategies for primary dysmenorrhea: A qualitative study among female nursing students

Nurs Open. 2021 Oct 30. doi: 10.1002/nop2.1111. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIM: Primary dysmenorrhea is a problem that affects both young and adult women, with a significant impact on their daily lives. This pain is primarily managed through the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and non-pharmacological approaches such as exercise, acupressure and heat. The present …

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Association between urinary manganese and pulmonary function in young adults: A cross-sectional design with a longitudinal cohort validation

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2021 Oct 27;227:112937. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112937. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The impact of heavy metals on pulmonary function among young adults has been scarcely studied, especially by a longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 974 young adults (aged 20-45 years) during 2017-2019 and measured pulmonary function and urinary heavy metals, …

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Non-pharmacological interventions for pollen-induced allergic symptoms: systematic literature review

Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2021 Oct 30. doi: 10.1111/pai.13690. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases pose a health problem worldwide. Pollen are widespread aeroallergens which can cause symptoms like shortness of breath, cough, itchy eyes or rhinitis. Apart from preventive measures and pharmacological treatment, also non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested to reduce symptoms. The …

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Visuomotor brain network activation and functional connectivity among individuals with autism spectrum disorder

Hum Brain Mapp. 2021 Oct 30. doi: 10.1002/hbm.25692. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Sensorimotor abnormalities are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and predictive of functional outcomes, though their neural underpinnings remain poorly understood. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined both brain activation and functional connectivity during visuomotor behavior in 27 individuals with ASD …

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Determinants of seasonal influenza vaccination hesitancy among healthcare personnel: An integrative review

J Clin Nurs. 2021 Oct 29. doi: 10.1111/jocn.16103. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the determinants of and behaviour change models for seasonal influenza vaccination compliance among healthcare personnel. BACKGROUND: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among healthcare personnel may be better understood by exploring determinants of seasonal influenza vaccine hesitancy. DESIGN: Integrative literature …

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Occupational therapy interventions for adults with severe mental illness: a scoping review

BMJ Open. 2021 Oct 29;11(10):e047467. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047467. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To identify the occupational therapy (OT) interventions in adults with severe mental illness (SMI) most investigated in intervention studies and to describe their characteristics. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: On 17 January 2020, we searched the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and EMBASE. …

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Geolocation of unpublished archaeological sites in the Peruvian Amazon

Sci Data. 2021 Oct 29;8(1):290. doi: 10.1038/s41597-021-01067-7. ABSTRACT Published maps identifying archaeological sites in the Amazon basin show a paucity of sites in western Amazonia compared to the Brazilian Amazon. Whereas fewer than two dozen are identified for the Peruvian Amazon on basin-wide maps, a thorough review of unpublished archival material held by the Ministry …

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Defining the duration of the dispensation of oral anticoagulants in administrative healthcare databases

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2021 Oct 29. doi: 10.1002/pds.5378. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: In clinical practice, warfarin therapy requires frequent dose adjustments. In pharmacy claims, the days supplied value may not reflect the true duration of warfarin dispensation. This may affect the measures of association comparing the safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. …

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Experiences of stroke survivors and measurement of post stroke participation and activity across seasons-A mixed methods approach

PLoS One. 2021 Oct 29;16(10):e0259307. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259307. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Participation and activity post stroke can be limited due to adverse weather conditions. This study aimed to: Quantify and compare summer and winter participation and activity, and explore how community dwelling people with stroke describe their feelings about their level of participation and activity by …

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