Month: October 2021

Extra Peritoneal Packing for Exsanguinating Pelvic Hemorrhage: Should We Do It in the Emergency Department?

Isr Med Assoc J. 2021 Oct;23(10):639-645. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Extra peritoneal packing (EPP) is a quick and highly effective method to control pelvic hemorrhage. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether EPP can be as safely and efficiently performed in the emergency department (ED) as in the operating room (OR). METHODS: Retrospective study of 29 patients who underwent EPP …

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Considering the role of context when implementing government policies in hospitals: introduction of a prospective payment system for psychiatry

J Health Organ Manag. 2021 Oct 22;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). doi: 10.1108/JHOM-01-2021-0021. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: The context in which an innovation is implemented is an important and often neglected mediator of change. A prospective payment system (PPS) for psychiatric and psychosomatic facilities with major implications for inpatient psychiatric care in Germany was implemented from 2013 to 2017. This study …

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Service Providers Perspectives on Personal Recovery from Severe Mental Illness in Cape Town, South Africa: A Qualitative Study

Community Ment Health J. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1007/s10597-021-00904-8. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Severe mental illnesses (SMI) contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. In low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), the treatment gap impacts the clinical and personal recovery of people living with an SMI. The drive to reduce this treatment gap in LMICs makes …

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Development of a web-geographical information system application for plotting tuberculosis cases

Geospat Health. 2021 Oct 19;16(2). doi: 10.4081/gh.2021.980. ABSTRACT In the last few decades, public health surveillance has increasingly applied statistical methods to analyze the spatial disease distributions. Nevertheless, contact tracing and follow up control measures for tuberculosis (TB) patients remain challenging because public health officers often lack the programming skills needed to utilize the software …

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A scoping review of literature using speech recognition technologies by individuals with disabilities in multiple contexts

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2021 Oct 20:1-7. doi: 10.1080/17483107.2021.1986583. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: Speech recognition technology (SRT) is increasingly available and may provide opportunities for individuals with disabilities to participate in necessary activities and meaningful occupations. This inquiry methodically collects and reports on research related to SRT for individuals with disabilities and impairments. …

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Mortality of 196,826 Men and Women Working in U.S.-Based Petrochemical and Refinery Operations: Update 1979-2010

J Occup Environ Med. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002416. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To describe mortality trends of men and women working in various petrochemical and refinery operations of a U.S.-based company. METHODS: The cohort consists of full-time employees with at least one day of service during 1979 through 2010. Standardized mortality ratios …

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The impact of combined age-related vision loss and dementia on the participation of older adults: A scoping review

PLoS One. 2021 Oct 20;16(10):e0258854. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0258854. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: There are a growing number of older adults with combined age-related vision loss (ARVL) and dementia. Existing literature shows the pervasive impact that both diagnoses have separately on the participation of older adults, however, little is known about the societal participation of older adults …

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Combinations of BMI and cardiorespiratory fitness categories: trends between 1995 and 2020 and associations with CVD incidence and mortality and all-cause mortality in 471 216 adults

Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2021 Oct 20:zwab169. doi: 10.1093/eurjpc/zwab169. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIMS: To describe time trends in combinations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body mass index (BMI) status, and to analyse their associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality and all-cause mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective cohort study with data from …

Combinations of BMI and cardiorespiratory fitness categories: trends between 1995 and 2020 and associations with CVD incidence and mortality and all-cause mortality in 471 216 adults Read More »

SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Induced Atypical Immune Responses in Antibody Defects: Everybody Does their Best

J Clin Immunol. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1007/s10875-021-01133-0. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Data on immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 in patients with Primary Antibody Deficiencies (PAD) are limited to infected patients and to heterogeneous cohorts after immunization. METHODS: Forty-one patients with Common Variable Immune Deficiencies (CVID), six patients with X-linked Agammaglobulinemia (XLA), and 28 …

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Use of Hand Therapy After Distal Radius Fracture: A National Perspective

J Hand Surg Am. 2021 Oct 16:S0363-5023(21)00549-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.08.018. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To assess whether certain distal radius fracture (DRF) patients, such as opioid users or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) patients, receive more hand therapy. METHODS: Using the IBM MarketScan Research Databases from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, we …

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