Month: January 2022

Occupational Therapy Assessment for Upper Limb Rehabilitation: A Multisensor-Based Approach

Front Digit Health. 2021 Dec 17;3:784120. doi: 10.3389/fdgth.2021.784120. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Most post-stroke patients experience varying degrees of impairment in upper limb function and fine motor skills. Occupational therapy (OT) with other rehabilitation trainings is beneficial in improving the strength and dexterity of the impaired upper limb. An accurate upper limb assessment should be conducted …

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Video game rehabilitation for outpatient stroke (VIGoROUS): A multi-site randomized controlled trial of in-home, self-managed, upper-extremity therapy

EClinicalMedicine. 2021 Dec 17;43:101239. doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101239. eCollection 2022 Jan. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Integrating behavioral intervention into motor rehabilitation is essential for improving paretic arm use in daily life. Demands on therapist time limit adoption of behavioral programs like Constraint-Induced Movement (CI) therapy, however. Self-managed motor practice could free therapist time for behavioral intervention, but there remains …

Video game rehabilitation for outpatient stroke (VIGoROUS): A multi-site randomized controlled trial of in-home, self-managed, upper-extremity therapy Read More »

Early psychological health outcomes among United States healthcare professionals, essential workers, and the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: The influence of occupational status

Psychiatry Res Commun. 2021 Dec;1(2):100005. doi: 10.1016/j.psycom.2021.100005. Epub 2021 Nov 1. ABSTRACT The primary purpose of this study was to determine variations in psychological experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic among US healthcare workers, non-healthcare essential workers, and the general population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted online from June 22, 2020 to July 5, 2020, with …

Early psychological health outcomes among United States healthcare professionals, essential workers, and the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: The influence of occupational status Read More »

Auditory evoked potentials in children and adolescents with multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2021 Dec 28;153:111013. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2021.111013. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: In children, an acute demyelinating disease may evolve as a multiphasic disease with multiple relapses, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). The Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials (BAEP) and Long-Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials (LLAEP) contribute to …

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Knowledge attitude and practice regarding prevention of needle stick injuries among nursing students in Henan province, China

J Pak Med Assoc. 2021 Oct;71(10):2420-2422. doi: 10.47391/JPMA.03-4294. ABSTRACT Nursing students are more vulnerable to needle stick injuries (NSIs) among all the nurses due to lack of work experience and poor awareness of occupational protection. A cross-sectional study of 400 nursing students was carried out to assess the participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding prevention …

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Effects of occupational balance and client-centered occupational management in a patient with schizophrenia

Asian J Psychiatr. 2021 Dec 25;69:102984. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102984. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Occupational balance is an essential element for social participation and quality of life. However, it is difficult for patients with schizophrenia to participate in occupation and achieve occupational balance in daily life due to physical and mental symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This study …

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A perspective on persistent toxicants in veterans and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: identifying exposures determining higher ALS risk

J Neurol. 2022 Jan 1. doi: 10.1007/s00415-021-10928-5. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Multiple studies indicate that United States veterans have an increased risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) compared to civilians. However, the responsible etiological factors are unknown. In the general population, specific occupational (e.g. truck drivers, airline pilots) and environmental exposures (e.g. metals, …

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Skilled Nursing Facility Organizational Characteristics Are more Strongly Associated with Multiparticipant Therapy Provision than Patient Characteristics

Phys Ther. 2021 Dec 23:pzab292. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzab292. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: Multiparticipant physical and occupational therapy provision has fluctuated significantly in Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs) under shifts in Medicare reimbursement policy. Multiparticipant therapy includes group (2-6 patients per therapist) and concurrent therapy (2 patients per therapist). This study uses recent patient-level data to …

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‘We weren’t checked in on, nobody spoke to us’: an exploratory qualitative analysis of two focus groups on the concerns of ethnic minority NHS staff during COVID-19

BMJ Open. 2021 Dec 31;11(12):e053396. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053396. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To gain exploratory insights into the multifaceted, lived experience impact of COVID-19 on a small sample of ethnic minority healthcare staff to cocreate a module of questions for follow-up online surveys on the well-being of healthcare staff during the pandemic. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design using two …

‘We weren’t checked in on, nobody spoke to us’: an exploratory qualitative analysis of two focus groups on the concerns of ethnic minority NHS staff during COVID-19 Read More »

Real-world clinical predictors of manic/hypomanic episodes among outpatients with bipolar disorder

PLoS One. 2021 Dec 31;16(12):e0262129. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0262129. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness in which manic and depressive states are repeated, causing psychosocial dysfunction. Manic/hypomanic episodes cause problems with interpersonal, social and financial activities, but there is limited evidence regarding the predictors of manic/hypomanic episodes in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: The …

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