Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Self-Esteem for Adolescents with Depression

Key Findings

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy appears to be a potentially effective treatment for adolescents with depression and low levels of self-esteem. However, due to a limited number of studies, further research is recommended. Use clear outcome measures for this intervention, population, and condition.


Taylor, T. L., & Montgomery, P. (2007). Can cognitive-behavioral therapy increase self-esteem among depressed adolescents? A systematic review. Children and Youth Services Review29(7), 823-839.


More EBP

InterventionCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
VariablesSelf-esteem, Depressive symptoms
EvidenceYellow – Caution
MethodsSystematic Review
  • Green evidence (Go) –  high-quality evidence indicating effectiveness.
  • Yellow evidence (Caution/Measure) – insufficient evidence exists.
  • Red evidence (Stop) – high-quality evidence indicating ineffectiveness.



Before implementing any new intervention with a client, occupational therapy practitioners should be aware of the potential benefits, risks, and harms of the intervention. Occupational therapy practitioners should exercise professional reasoning based on the client’s particular strengths and limitations before providing any intervention. Professional reasoning and judgment is also required when choosing which intervention protocols are feasible for their clients.

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