|Condition||Autism Spectrum Disorder|
|Variables||Cognition, Function, Behavioral|
|Evidence||Red – Stop|
- Green evidence (Go) – high-quality evidence indicating effectiveness.
- Yellow evidence (Caution/Measure) – insufficient evidence exists.
- Red evidence (Stop) – high-quality evidence indicating ineffectiveness.
The current evidence-base does not support the use of Sensory Integration Theory (SIT) in the education and treatment of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The evidence for the SI approach for ASD was found to have serious methodological flaws.
Lang, R., O’Reilly, M., Healy, O., Rispoli, M., Lydon, H., Streusand, W., … & Giesbers, S. (2012). Sensory integration therapy for autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(3), 1004-1018.
Novak, I., & Honan, I. (2019). Effectiveness of paediatric occupational therapy for children with disabilities: A systematic review. Australian occupational therapy journal, 66(3), 258-273.
Before implementing any new intervention with a client, occupational therapy practitioners should be aware of the potential benefits, risks, and harms of the intervention. Occupational therapy practitioners should exercise professional reasoning based on the client’s particular strengths and limitations before providing any intervention. Professional reasoning and judgment is also required when choosing which intervention protocols are feasible for their clients.
All information provided is for educational purposes only and must never be considered a substitute for medical advice provided by a physician or other qualified healthcare professional. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Our content does not replace the relationship between your physician or any other qualified health professional.
Evidence-Based OT does not make any warranty or guarantees with respect to the accuracy, applicability or completeness of accessible content. Under no circumstances will Evidence-Based OT be responsible or liable in any way for any content, including but not limited to any errors or omissions in the content or for any direct, indirect incidental or punitive damages arising out of access to or use of any content made available.