Med Care. 2022 Jan 1;60(1):56-65. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001658.
BACKGROUND: Given the wide range of uses for antidepressants, understanding indication-specific patterns of prescription filling for antidepressants provide valuable insights into how patients use these medications in real-world settings.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of antidepressant prescription filling with treatment indication, as well as prior prescription filling behaviors and medication experiences.
DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study took place in Quebec, Canada.
PARTICIPANTS: Adults with public drug insurance prescribed antidepressants using MOXXI (Medical Office of the XXIst Century)-an electronic prescribing system requiring primary care physicians to document treatment indications and reasons for prescription stops or changes.
MEASURES: MOXXI provided information on treatment indications, past prescriptions, and prior medication experiences (treatment ineffectiveness and adverse drug reactions). Linked claims data provided information on dispensed medications and other patient-related factors. Multivariable logistic regression models estimated the independent association of not filling an antidepressant prescription (within 90 d) with treatment indication and patients’ prior prescription filling behaviors and medication experiences.
RESULTS: Among 38,751 prescriptions, the prevalence of unfilled prescriptions for new and ongoing antidepressant therapy was 34.2% and 4.1%, respectively. Compared with depression, odds of not filling an antidepressant prescription varied from 0.74 to 1.57 by indication and therapy status. The odds of not filling an antidepressant prescription was higher among adults filling < 50% of their medication prescriptions in the past year and adults with an antidepressant prescription stopped or changed in the past year due to treatment ineffectiveness.
CONCLUSION: Antidepressant prescription filling behaviors differed by treatment indication and were lower among patients with a history of poor prescription filling or ineffective treatment with antidepressants.
PMID:34882109 | DOI:10.1097/MLR.0000000000001658
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