Sci Rep. 2021 Oct 4;11(1):19621. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-98853-5.
Cognitive impairment is common after stroke. However, not all patients with stroke undergo cognitive screening, despite recommendations. The aim of this retrospective, explorative study was to examine the barriers to cognitive screening in acute stroke units. Data were retrieved from two Swedish Stroke registries. The outcome variable was cognitive screening during the stay at acute stroke units. Forty-three candidate explanatory variables were considered for analysis, encompassing sociodemographic factors and stroke-related outcomes during the stay at acute stroke units. The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator and decision-tree methods were used. Of the 1120 patients (56% male, mean age: 72 years, 50% with mild stroke), 44% did not undergo cognitive screening. Walking 10 m post-stroke was the most important attribute for decisions regarding cognitive screening. The classification accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the model were 70% (95% CI 63-75%), 71% (63-78%), and 67% (55-77%), respectively. Patient-related parameters that influenced cognitive screening with a valid and reliable screening instrument in acute stroke units included new stroke during the hospitalisation, aphasia at admission, mobility problems, impaired verbal output skills, and planned discharge to another care facility. The barriers to cognitive screening were both patient- and organisation-related, suggesting the need for patient-tailored cognitive screening tools as well as the implementation and systematic adherence to guidelines.
PMID:34608199 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-98853-5
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