Top Stroke Rehabil. 2021 Sep 30:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10749357.2021.1978631. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The ABILHAND questionnaire is recommended to assess perceived manual ability after stroke; however, more knowledge on interpretability is needed to improve the clinical applicability.
OBJECTIVES: To determine clinically meaningful cutoff scores for different levels of perceived manual ability, assessed by ABILHAND, corresponding to established observed and perceived upper extremity assessments post stroke.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study, part of the Stroke Arm Longitudinal Study (SALGOT) at the University of Gothenburg, included 80 participants with upper extremity impairments after stroke. The self-reported upper extremity functioning was assessed with ABILHAND and Stroke Impact Scale Hand (SIS Hand), and the observed functioning was assessed by Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) at 3 months after stroke. Receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, and specificity analyses were used to determine the cutoffs.
RESULTS: The overall discriminating accuracy was excellent (AUC > 0.90) for most of the cutoffs and sensitivity and specificity values ranged from 0.73 to 1.0. The ABILHAND cutoff score 1.78 discriminated well between low and good functioning resulting in a 95% match with SIS Hand and 87.5% match with ARAT and FMA-UE.
CONCLUSIONS: The determined cutoff scores of the ABILHAND, validated through established upper extremity assessments, will provide a useful tool to clinicians when interpreting the logit scores and when selecting individualized treatment options. ABILHAND matched well with self-reported SIS Hand, but discrepancies found with observed scales implies that self-perceived assessments should be complemented with observed assessments.
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