Cognition and Daily Life Activities in Stroke: A Network Analysis

OTJR (Thorofare N J). 2022 Jul 15:15394492221111730. doi: 10.1177/15394492221111730. Online ahead of print.


Understanding complex dynamics of cognitive constructs and the interplay between cognition and daily life activities is possible through network analysis. The objectives of this study are to characterize the cognition network and identify central cognitive constructs, and identify the cognitive constructs bridging cognition and daily life activities. In 210 community-dwelling stroke survivors, we employed network analysis to characterize the cognition network, identify the central cognitive constructs, and examine the bridge pathway connecting cognition and daily life activities. Cognitive constructs were positively correlated within the network, forming clusters of fluid (e.g., components of active problem-solving), crystallized (e.g., world knowledge), and functional cognition. Central constructs included inhibition, organization, and cognitive flexibility, whereas bridge constructs included organization, sequencing, and inhibition. Central and bridge constructs identified by this study are potential targets for future research and intervention. The emergence of functional cognition as central and bridge constructs may support its inclusion in occupational therapy practice.

PMID:35838366 | DOI:10.1177/15394492221111730

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