Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2023 Jan 19:1-25. doi: 10.1080/01942638.2023.2169091. Online ahead of print.
AIMS: The scoping review was undertaken to explore comorbidities in infants and children with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP). The purpose of the review was to inform physical and occupational therapy screening of multiple body systems during the examination of children with NBPP.
METHODS: EBSCO Discovery and EMBASE electronic databases were searched for reports published between January 1996 and September 2021 describing comorbidities in children with NBPP between birth and 18 years. Key data pertaining to comorbidity prevalence, risk factors, clinical features, and associated outcomes were extracted and charted by one researcher and confirmed by a second researcher.
RESULTS: Thirty-six articles were included in the scoping review. Fourteen comorbidities were identified across the musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiopulmonary, and integumentary systems and the communication domain. The most prevalent comorbidities were clavicle fractures, plagiocephaly, torticollis, high body mass index, and language delays. The least prevalent comorbidity was facial nerve palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical and occupational therapists can use knowledge of comorbidities in infants and children with NBPP for multisystem screening during the examination. A thorough history can identify risk factors for comorbidities. Detection of comorbidities during screening allows for timely specialty referrals to optimize care.
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