Ann Epidemiol. 2021 Sep 10:S1047-2797(21)00279-9. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.08.023. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of COVID-19 mitigation strategies in two homeless shelters in Massachusetts during the pandemic.
METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study that followed guests in two Massachusetts homeless shelters between March 30 to May 13, 2020, which adopted different depopulation strategies. One set up temporary tents in its parking lot, while the other decompressed its guests to a gym and a hotel. The outcome was assessed by comparing the odds ratios of positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR assays.
RESULTS: Guests residing at the shelter that used temporary tents had 6.21 times (95% CI=1.86, 20.77) higher odds of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 at follow-up after adjusting for loss to follow up, age, gender, and race. The daily COVID-19 symptoms checklist performed poorly in detecting positive infection.
CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the importance of depopulating shelter guests with stable and adequate indoor space to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Daily temperature and symptom checks should be combined with routine testing. With the rising homelessness due to mass unemployment and eviction crisis, our study supports further governmental assistance in decompressing homeless shelters during this pandemic.
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