Contactium: A strongly correlated model system

J Chem Phys. 2023 May 14;158(18):184110. doi: 10.1063/5.0150523.


At the limit of an infinite confinement strength ω, the ground state of a system that comprises two fermions or bosons in harmonic confinement interacting through the Fermi-Huang pseudopotential remains strongly correlated. A detailed analysis of the one-particle description of this “contactium” reveals several peculiarities that are not encountered in conventional model systems (such as the two-electron harmonium atom, ballium, and spherium) involving Coulombic interparticle interactions. First of all, none of the natural orbitals (NOs) {ψn(ω;r)} of the contactium is unoccupied, which implies nonzero collective occupancies for all the angular momenta. Second, the NOs and their non-ascendingly ordered occupation numbers {νn} turn out to be related to the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of a zero-energy Schrödinger equation with an attractive Gaussian potential. This observation enables the derivation of their properties, such as the n-4/3 asymptotic decay of νn at the n→∞ limit (which differs from that of n-8/3 in the Coulombic systems), the independence of the confinement energy vn=⟨ψn(ω;r)|12ω2r2|ψn(ω;r)⟩ of n, and the n-2/3 asymptotic decay of the respective contribution νntn to the kinetic energy. Upon suitable scaling, the weakly occupied NOs of the contactium turn out to be virtually identical to those of the two-electron harmonium atom at the ω → ∞ limit, despite the entirely different interparticle interactions in these systems.

PMID:37171198 | DOI:10.1063/5.0150523

Full Text Link: Read More

Generated by Feedzy