Eur J Pain. 2022 Aug 17. doi: 10.1002/ejp.2026. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between demographic, clinical, psychological, and pressure pain sensitivity outcomes with the central sensitization inventory (CSI) in female with fibromyalgia (FMS).
METHODS: One hundred twenty-six (n=126) females with FMS completed demographic (age, body mass index, height, weight), clinical (pain history, pain intensity at rest and during daily living activities), psychological (depression/anxiety levels) outcomes and widespread pressure pain sensitivity as well as the central sensitization inventory (CSI). After conducting a multivariable correlation analysis to identify the association between variables, a multiple linear regression model was performed to identify CSI predictors.
RESULTS: The CSI was negatively associated with age (r=-0.262) and PPTs (r ranged from -0.221 to -0.372) and positively associated with anxiety (r=0.541), depression (r=0.415), mean intensity (r=0.305), worst pain (r=0.249), and pain during daily living activities (r= 0.398). The stepwise regression analysis revealed that 47.4% of CSI variance in this sample was explained by anxiety levels (27.8%), PPT at greater trochanter (10.5%), age (1.4%), years with pain (4.8%) and pain during daily living activities (2.9%).
CONCLUSION: The current study found that age, pain intensity at rest and pain during daily living activities, anxiety levels, and pressure pain sensitivity are associated with the CSI (associated sensitization symptoms) in women with FMS.
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