Differential impact of proton pump inhibitor on survival outcomes of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma treated with chemotherapy versus pembrolizumab

Int J Urol. 2023 Jan 24. doi: 10.1111/iju.15151. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We clarified the effect of concomitant proton pump inhibitor use on oncological outcomes in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma treated either with chemotherapy or immune checkpoint inhibitor.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma who received paclitaxel-gemcitabine therapy or pembrolizumab after platinum-based chemotherapy. The patients were divided into four groups based on the treatment regimen and the concomitant use of proton pump inhibitor. We compared survival outcomes between the groups and determined which factors predicted overall survival.

RESULTS: Among the 60 and 75 patients treated with paclitaxel-gemcitabine and pembrolizumab, 15 and 29 used a concomitant proton pump inhibitor. Progression-free and overall survival was significantly shorter in patients who were administered pembrolizumab with concomitant proton pump inhibitor compared to those without. The use of a concomitant proton pump inhibitor had no effect on survival outcomes in patients who received paclitaxel-gemcitabine therapy. Furthermore, progression-free and overall survival were significantly shorter in patients treated with paclitaxel-gemcitabine therapy compared to those treated with pembrolizumab among patients without concomitant proton pump inhibitor. In contrast, there was no difference in survival outcomes between the two regimens among patients with concomitant proton pump inhibitor. Concomitant proton pump inhibitor use was associated with poor overall survival only in patients treated with pembrolizumab.

CONCLUSION: The use of a concomitant proton pump inhibitor use had no impact on oncological outcomes in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma treated with paclitaxel-gemcitabine therapy, different from those treated with pembrolizumab.

PMID:36693764 | DOI:10.1111/iju.15151

Full Text Link: Read More

Generated by Feedzy