Dual inhibition of EGFR‑VEGF: An effective approach to the treatment of advanced non‑small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutation (Review)

Int J Oncol. 2023 Feb;62(2):26. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2023.5474. Epub 2023 Jan 5.

ABSTRACT

On a global scale, the incidence and mortality rates of lung cancer are gradually increasing year by year. A number of bad habits and environmental factors are associated with lung cancer, including smoking, second‑hand smoke exposure, occupational exposure, respiratory diseases and genetics. At present, low‑dose spiral computed tomography is routinely the first choice in the diagnosis of lung cancer. However, pathological examination is still the gold standard for the diagnosis of lung cancer. Based on the classification and stage of the cancer, treatment options such as surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy are available. The activation of the EGFR pathway can promote the survival and proliferation of tumor cells, and the VEGF pathway can promote the formation of blood vessels, thereby promoting tumor growth. In non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR mutation, EGFR activation can promote tumor growth by promoting VEGF upregulation through a hypoxia‑independent mechanism. The upregulation of VEGF can make tumor cells resistant to EGFR inhibitors. In addition, the expression of the VEGF signal is also affected by other factors. Therefore, the use of a single EGFR inhibitor cannot completely inhibit the expression of the VEGF signal. In order to overcome this problem, the combination of VEGF inhibitors and EGFR inhibitors has become the method of choice. Dual inhibition can not only overcome the resistance of tumor cells to EGFR inhibitors, but also significantly increase the progression‑free survival time of patients with NSCLC. The present review discusses the associations between the EGFR and VEGF pathways, and the characteristics of dual inhibition of the EGFR‑VEGF pathway.

PMID:36601768 | DOI:10.3892/ijo.2023.5474

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