Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2021 Aug 2:S1976-1317(21)00050-5. doi: 10.1016/j.anr.2021.07.004. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an anger management program on anger, job stress, psychological well-being, and heart rate variability in clinical nurses.
METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted using a nonequivalent control group, pre-test-post-test design with repeated measures. The participants included 43 nurses assigned to the experimental and control groups. Anger, job stress, psychological well-being, and heart rate variability were evaluated before the intervention, immediately after the completion of the intervention, and four weeks after the end of the intervention. Chi-square test, t-test, Fisher’s exact test, and GEE (Generalized Estimating Equations) were used to analyze the data.
RESULT: There were significant differences in the level of anger, state anger, job stress, and psychological well-being between the two groups. The rate of change in the total power (TP) and the high-frequency band (HF) of the experimental group increased immediately after the intervention completion but that of the control group decreased at the same time.
CONCLUSION: The above results demonstrate that an anger management program for nurses effectively attenuated anger and job stress, improved psychological well-being, and regulated heart rate variability.
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