Exploring Knowledge Translation Concepts in U.S. Occupational Therapy Research: A Content Analysis

Am J Occup Ther. 2022 Sep 1;76(5):7605205150. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2022.049127.

ABSTRACT

IMPORTANCE: As a new Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education® standard, knowledge translation (KT) is an important concept to occupational therapy. A better understanding of KT in occupational therapy research could inform its relevance to occupational therapy education, research, and practice.

OBJECTIVE: To answer the question “To what extent does published U.S.-based occupational therapy research that is explicitly underpinned by a KT theory, model, or framework reflect processes and concepts outlined in the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework?”

DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted to purposively sample U.S.-based occupational therapy research. A content analysis of 11 articles explored concepts of the KTA framework.

OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: KTA was used as a conceptual foundation.

RESULTS: Multiple sources of data mapped onto concepts in the knowledge creation cycle and each of the first five concepts of the knowledge action cycle. We found that three concepts from the knowledge action cycle-monitor knowledge use, evaluate outcomes, and sustain knowledge use-were not well represented in the sample.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Future research on the monitoring, evaluation, and sustained use of occupational therapy interventions is needed. The adoption of new interventions is important, and the knowledge of how they are sustained in practice will facilitate the clinical integration of future interventions. What This Article Adds: Occupational therapy research that uses KT lacks an emphasis on monitoring and sustaining evidence-informed interventions. Future research on the integration of such interventions into clinical practice is needed so that best practices in occupational therapy can be promoted.

PMID:35998268 | DOI:10.5014/ajot.2022.049127

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