J Scleroderma Relat Disord. 2021 Jun 1;6(2):187-193. doi: 10.1177/2397198320965383. Epub 2020 Sep 20.
OBJECTIVE: Although fatigue is one of the most problematic symptoms for people with systemic sclerosis, little is known about how fatigue impacts daily life over time. Such information is important when developing fatigue management interventions. This study was conducted to examine 1) if fatigue severity predicted outcomes of worse functioning (social participation, physical function), and quality of life and 2) if level of self-efficacy moderated significant relationships between fatigue and these outcomes.
METHODS: Data were utilized from a clinical trial in which an online self-management intervention was tested (N = 267). Fatigue, social participation, and physical function were assessed by PROMIS measures. Quality of life was assessed by the EuroQol 5-domain instrument (EQ-5D-5L). Linear regressions were performed to examine how baseline fatigue related to functioning and quality of life outcomes 16 weeks later controlling for relevant covariates. PROMIS measures were used to measure self-efficacy in managing symptoms, daily activities, medications and treatments, emotions, and social interactions.
RESULTS: Fatigue at baseline significantly predicted social participation 16 weeks later; but did not predict physical functioning or quality of life. Self-efficacy variables did not moderate the association between fatigue and social participation.
CONCLUSION: Fatigue severity predicted decreased social participation in people with systemic sclerosis. Interventions targeting fatigue should include support to maintain participation of social roles and activities. The level of reported self-efficacy did not vary the strength of the association between fatigue and decline in social participation indicating that there may be other targets to treat fatigue intervention beyond self-management.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02494401.
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