Gait, falls, cognitive function, and health-related quality of life after shunt-treated idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus-a single-center study

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2022 Jul 13. doi: 10.1007/s00701-022-05309-4. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a neurological disorder, characterized by gait- and balance disturbance, cognitive deterioration, and urinary incontinence, combined with ventricular enlargement. Gait ability, falls, cognitive status, and health-related quality of life pre and post surgery have not previously been studied at Karolinska University Hospital.

METHODS: One hundred and eighteen patients with iNPH that underwent shunt surgery at Karolinska University Hospital during the years from 2016 to 2018 were included. Results of walking tests, test for cognitive function, and self-estimated health-related quality of life, before and 3 months after surgery, were collected retrospectively as a single-center study.

RESULTS: Walking ability, cognitive function, and health-related quality of life significantly increased 3 months after shunt surgery. A positive significant correlation was seen between a higher self-estimated quality of life and walking ability.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with suspected iNPH treated with shunt surgery at Karolinska University Hospital improved their walking ability and cognitive functioning 3 months after shunt surgery. A positive significant correlation was seen between a higher self-estimated quality of life and walking ability but not with increased cognitive function. We then concluded that the selection of patients for shunting maintained a high standard.

PMID:35831723 | DOI:10.1007/s00701-022-05309-4

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