Healthcare utilization and costs associated with persistent post-concussive symptoms

Brain Inj. 2021 Sep 21:1-8. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2021.1972151. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the healthcare utilization and costs associated with the interdisciplinary treatment of pediatric persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS).

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted with 461 youth referred by community physicians to an interdisciplinary pediatric PPCS outpatient clinic in Ontario, Canada. Healthcare utilization parameters included accessibility, continuity, comprehensiveness, and service productivity. Direct healthcare costs included those incurred by physicians and other interdisciplinary services. Indirect costs per client included travel to the clinic and caregiver productivity loss. Data analyses were completed using descriptive statistics.

RESULTS: The median age of clients was 15 years (range = 3 to 18). The median wait time for an initial PPCS clinic physician consultation was 71 days, and less than 2 months for other interdisciplinary services. Eighty-two percent of clients were referred to at least one other service after an initial physician consultation. Occupational therapy received the highest proportion of referrals (79%). Total median direct costs per client were approximately $915, with a final accumulated cost of $532 623 for all clients. Caregiver productivity loss was approximately $387 per family.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that interdisciplinary PPCS care represents an accessible, comprehensive and cost-saving healthcare model from the client and societal perspectives.

PMID:34546808 | DOI:10.1080/02699052.2021.1972151

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