Small. 2021 Dec 19:e2106785. doi: 10.1002/smll.202106785. Online ahead of print.
Solid oxide-ion conductors are crucial for enabling clean and efficient energy devices such as solid oxide fuel cells. Hexagonal perovskite-related oxides have been placed at the forefront of high-performance oxide-ion conductors, with Ba7 Nb4- x Mo1+ x O20+ x /2 (x = 0-0.1) being an archetypal example. Herein, high oxide-ion conductivity and stability under reducing conditions in Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 are reported by investigating the solid solutions Ba7 Ta4- x Mo1+ x O20+ x /2 (x = 0.2-0.7). Neutron diffraction indicates a large number of interstitial oxide ions in Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 , leading to a high level of oxide-ion conductivity (e.g., 1.08 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 377 °C). The conductivity of Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 is higher than that of Ba7 Nb4 MoO20 and conventional yttria-stabilized zirconia. In contrast to Ba7 Nb4- x Mo1+ x O20+ x /2 (x = 0-0.1), the oxide-ion conduction in Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 is dominant even in highly reducing atmospheres (e.g., oxygen partial pressure of 1.6 × 10-24 atm at 909 °C). From structural analyses of the synchrotron X-ray diffraction data for Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 , contrasting X-ray scattering powers of Ta5+ and Mo6+ allow identification of the preferential occupation of Mo6+ adjacent to the intrinsically oxygen-deficient layers, as supported by DFT calculations. The high conductivity and chemical and electrical stability in Ba7 Ta3.7 Mo1.3 O20.15 provide a strategy for the development of solid electrolytes based on hexagonal perovskite-related oxides.
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