Inclusion of Cross-Sectional and Radiological Images for Better Understanding of Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Decreasing the Risk of Adverse Events during Dry Needling in Undergraduate Physiotherapy Students

Anat Sci Educ. 2023 Jan 9. doi: 10.1002/ase.2251. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Since there is an increasing rate of physiotherapists using invasive procedures during the clinical practice, understanding the cross-sectional anatomy and radiological images is essential for ensuring patients’ safety during these interventions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the students’ opinion of including cross-sectional and radiological images to traditional methodologies, to evaluate whether these additional resources improve their ability to identify musculoskeletal structures in radiological images and their understanding of neurovascular and visceral structures related with specific muscles to be avoided during invasive procedures. First-year undergraduate physiotherapy students were enrolled in the study. A brief online survey asking about their opinion about the use of cross-sectional and radiological images as complementary resources was built. In addition, two open-answer tests (before and after the inclusion of these resources) were conducted to evaluate their ability to identify correctly musculoskeletal structures in magnetic resonance and ultrasound images and to evaluate their awareness of high-risk structures related with specific muscles. One-hundred-thirty-two students returned the online survey and one-hundred-forty-eight completed all the tests. In general, students opined cross-sectional images to be of utility for learning anatomy (81.8%) and radiological images (93.9%) and felt they benefited from cross-sectional and ultrasound images (78.0%). All tests showed significant improvements after the inclusion of these complementary resources (all, P < 0.001) except for trunk structures in MRI (P = 0.777). The implementation of anatomical cross-sectional and radiological images resulted in better understanding of radiological images and better cognition of possible risk during invasive procedures.

PMID:36622744 | DOI:10.1002/ase.2251

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