Malaria infection and associated risk factors in pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics in Al Jabalian Locality, White Nile state, Sudan

Ann Parasitol. 2021;67(3):499-504. doi: 10.17420/ap6703.363.


Pregnant women are more susceptible to malaria which is associated with adverse effects on pregnancy. It is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in Sudan. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of malaria in pregnant women. This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in Al Jabalian and Kenana hospitals, White Nile State, Sudan. The data of the present study has been collected from 400 Sudanese pregnant women, during a period extending from 16th July 2018 to 25th October 2018. The overall the prevalence of malaria was 38.5% (154), Plasmodium falciparum was only malaria parasite observed in all samples. From 154 pregnant women infected with malaria, the third trimester had higher prevalence 53.9% (83), followed by the second trimester 31.8% (49) and the first trimester was 14.3% (22), P<0.0001. The multigravida had high infection with prevalence of 54.5% (84), secondgravida was 24.7% (38) and primigravida was 20.8% (32), P<0.0001. Significant association was noticed between the malaria parasite infection and occupation, ANC attendance and utility of mosquito net, P-value 0.05, 0.0024, 0.0010, respectively. However, no significant association was observed with education level and malaria infection. The study was recommended to promote diagnosis during pregnancy, take anti-malarial medicine as routine care to pregnant women and improve environmental sanitation.

PMID:34953125 | DOI:10.17420/ap6703.363

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