J Burn Care Res. 2021 Nov 12:irab219. doi: 10.1093/jbcr/irab219. Online ahead of print.
Amputations are un-common surgical procedures in patients with severe burn injuries. However, these patients often face extreme physical and psychological challenges that result in social stigmatization and inadequate rehabilitation facilities. A retrospective cohort study was designed for the patients admitted to the Burn Center of Adana City Training and Research Hospital (ACTRH). During the study period, a total of 2007 patients aged 0.5 to 92 years were hospitalized and treated at the burn center from January 2016 to June 2020. The incidence of amputation observed among inpatient burn injuries regardless of the etiology was 1.9%, and 87.2% were male. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to detect the most prominent factors contributing to burn injury-related amputations. The cause of burns appears to be one of the main factors in the past research, and in this context, the electrical burns stand out, likewise, the fire-flame-related burns, full-thickness burns, the existence of infection, male gender, patients aged within the 18 to 64 age group, and the burn extent within the total body surface area (TBSA) range of 10 to <50% were found to be the most leading factors of amputations among patients having severe burns. Although they are rare, amputations related to burns commonly cause a decrease in quality of life. Therefore, besides increasing occupational health and safety methods for these risk groups, especially for adults of working age; also, it is essential to increase the importance and awareness of the precautions to be taken in daily life.
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