Novel integrative rehabilitation system for the upper extremity: Design and usability evaluation

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng. 2021 Jul 7;8:20556683211012885. doi: 10.1177/20556683211012885. eCollection 2021 Jan-Dec.


PURPOSE: Design and test the usability of a novel virtual rehabilitation system for bimanual training of gravity supported arms, pronation/supination, grasp strengthening, and finger extension.

METHODS: A robotic rehabilitation table, therapeutic game controllers, and adaptive rehabilitation games were developed. The rehabilitation table lifted/lowered and tilted up/down to modulate gravity loading. Arms movement was measured simultaneously, allowing bilateral training. Therapeutic games adapted through a baseline process. Four healthy adults performed four usability evaluation sessions each, and provided feedback using the USE questionnaire and custom questions. Participant’s game play performance was sampled and analyzed, and system modifications made between sessions.

RESULTS: Participants played four sessions of about 50 minutes each, with training difficulty gradually increasing. Participants averaged a total of 6,300 arm repetitions, 2,200 grasp counts, and 2,100 finger extensions when adding counts for each upper extremity. USE questionnaire data averaged 5.1/7 rating, indicative of usefulness, ease of use, ease of learning, and satisfaction with the system. Subjective feedback on the custom evaluation form was 84% favorable.

CONCLUSIONS: The novel system was well-accepted, induced high repetition counts, and the usability study helped optimize it and achieve satisfaction. Future studies include examining effectiveness of the novel system when training patients acute post-stroke.

PMID:34422282 | PMC:PMC8373277 | DOI:10.1177/20556683211012885

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