Occupational changes during the COVID-19 lockdown in Jordan

Scand J Occup Ther. 2021 Oct 6:1-11. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2021.1983017. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Measures to limit the spread of COVID-19 have disrupted the lives of countless millions of individuals worldwide.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of occupational disruption and changing social roles among Jordanians during COVID-19 lockdown in 2020. The specific aim was to explore the changing occupations, routines, roles and coping strategies.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study used a digital ethnographic approach. Data collection included online observations of Jordanian’s posts of comments, photos and videos on six public Facebook pages during the COVID-19 lockdown for the initial 3-week period. In addition, 150 Jordanians participated in an online interview answering four open-ended questions to achieve triangulation. Qualitative analyses included open coding of the photos, videos and text as well as the interviews independently and blindly by the research team.

RESULTS: Four themes were identified: changing daily occupations; changing family roles; missing pre-lockdown life and coping strategies under lockdown.

CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 lockdown restrictions caused direct, significant and immediate changes to Jordanians’ occupations, routines and roles; enforcing new obligatory occupations and eliminating desired ones.

SIGNIFICANCE: Knowledge from this study highlight the kinds of strategies and supports during and after lockdowns that need to be considered in future planning of occupational therapy practice in Jordan.

PMID:34612145 | DOI:10.1080/11038128.2021.1983017

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