Support Care Cancer. 2021 Aug 3. doi: 10.1007/s00520-021-06374-8. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Physical activity is recommended to cancer survivors by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and is associated with improved survival after colorectal cancer. It remains unclear whether having a stoma is a barrier for an active lifestyle. We examined the level of physical activity and explored factors impacting physical activity in survivors with a stoma.
METHODS: A total of 1265 (65%) patients in the Danish Stoma Database completed a multidimensional survey. Physical activity of moderate- and vigorous-intensity was assessed using two validated questions. Based on WHO guidelines, physical activity was categorised into ‘Meeting’ or ‘Not Meeting’ recommendations. Multivariate regression analysis, adjusting for potential confounders, provided odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for factors’ association with’Not Meeting’ guideline recommendations.
RESULTS: In total, 571 patients with colorectal cancer reported on physical activity at a median of 4.3 years (interquartile range 3.1-5.8) after stoma surgery. Two hundred ninety-three patients (51%) were ‘Meeting recommendations’ and 63% of them were ‘Highly active’. Two hundred seventy-eight were ‘Not meeting’ recommendations (49%). Of the factors analysed, patients without support garment were more likely (OR 1.72 [95% CI 1.16; 2.54] not to meet guideline recommendations. We found no association between stoma type, surgical procedure, parastomal bulging and ‘problematic stoma’ and level of physical activity, respectively.
CONCLUSION: In this large sample of survivors with a stoma half of patients met or exceeded guideline recommendations. Of patients not meeting recommendations some could potentially meet the recommendations by modest increases in either moderate or vigorous activity.
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