Pediatr Res. 2022 Aug 27. doi: 10.1038/s41390-022-02277-4. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Sensory integration occupational therapy (SI-OT) might be useful for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in younger age, according to Pusponegoro. Previous studies were still limited, especially in younger age. This study evaluated the effect of SI-OT in improving positive behaviors of ASD children aged 2-5 years.
METHODS: Non-randomized controlled trial of SI-OT evaluation, assessed with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-II.
RESULTS: A total of 72 subjects were studied. Following SI-OT, communication skills (expressive, receptive), socialization (coping skills), and daily living skills (personal, community) were improved significantly.
CONCLUSIONS: SI-OT with Ayres theory in 60 min, twice a week for 12 weeks improved positive behaviors.
IMPACT: To address the effectivity of sensory integration occupational therapy (SI-OT) in improving positive behaviors of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) children aged 2-5 years. The first study to evaluate evidence of SI-OT in ASD younger than 3 years. Non-randomized controlled trial of SI-OT evaluation of ASD in younger children aged 2-5 years with Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-II. SI-OT of Ayres theory in 60 min, twice a week for 12 weeks improves communication domain (expressive, receptive, written) aged 2-4 years, and socialization domain (interpersonal relationship, play, and leisure time) aged 2 years of ASD children.
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