Prenatal air pollution exposure increases the risk of macrosomia: evidence from a prospective cohort study in the coastal area of China

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Aug 21. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16054-z. Online ahead of print.


Effects of prenatal ambient air pollution exposure could increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, which have been well documented by various studies. However, only very few studies investigated the effects on macrosomia. This study investigated the effects of prenatal air pollution exposure on the risk of macrosomia in a coastal city of China. Data of birth outcomes and air pollution in a coastal city in China between November 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017, were collected. Finally, 58,713 eligible births, including 8159 (13.9%) macrosomia and 50554 (86.1%) normal birth weight (NBW) infants, were included in the analysis. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the effects of prenatal air pollution exposure on macrosomia. In the single-pollutant models, each 10 μg/m3 increase of PM2.5, PM10, and SO2 exposures, during the entire pregnancy or three trimesters, were related to elevated risk of macrosomia (adjusted RR, 95% CI) ranging from 1.018 (1.001, 1.035) to 1.314 (1.188, 1.454). In addition, O3 exposure in the first trimester (adjusted RR =1.034, 95% CI 1.009, 1.059) also increased the macrosomia risk. Prenatal PM2.5, PM10, and SO2 exposure could significantly increase the risk of macrosomia. These findings need to be further verified in more studies with multiple coastal cities included.

PMID:34417698 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-021-16054-z

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