Prevalence of low back pain and its associated risk factors among professions and workers of health, medical, and welfare facilities in Japan

PM R. 2022 Jul 16. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12874. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its associated risk factors, including physical function, among health, medical, and welfare facility professionals and workers are not fully clarified. Furthermore, issues related to the prevention of LBP are not completely understood.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of LBP and associated risk factors, including physical function, in professionals and workers of health, medical, and welfare facilities.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

SETTING: Physical examinations for LBP were conducted, and data were collected at health, medical, and welfare facilities in Japan.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1085 health, medical, and welfare facility professionals and workers participated in the study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence was calculated based on the presence or absence of symptoms of LBP at the time of survey. Then, bivariate analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between LBP and age, sex, occupation, history of treatment for LBP, passive straight leg raising (SLR) angle, and abdominal muscle strength. Furthermore, multivariate analysis was performed to examine the relationship between LBP and the six risk factors.

RESULTS: The prevalence of LBP was high (74.8%). Bivariate analysis showed a significantly higher percentage of nursing professionals (46.2%) in the LBP group (p < 0.001). The association between LBP and the risk factors in multivariate analysis was as follows: history of treatment for LBP (odds ratio [OR] = 3.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.63-5.84, p < 0.001), nursing professionals of occupation (OR = 2.12, 95%CI 1.55-2.90, p < 0.001), passive SLR angle (OR = 2.06, 95%CI 1.24-3.42, p = 0.005), abdominal muscle strength (OR = 1.61, 95%CI 1.07-2.41, p = 0.021), and sex (OR = 1.52, 95%CI 1.08-2.14, p = 0.015).

CONCLUSION: In the future, it will be necessary to take preventive measures for risk factors and to follow up longitudinally on the prevalence of LBP and on workers with indicated risk factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:35841270 | DOI:10.1002/pmrj.12874

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