Reducing stray radiation with a novel detachable lead arm support in percutaneous coronary intervention

J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2022 Aug 24:e13763. doi: 10.1002/acm2.13763. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Placing radioprotective devices near patients reduces stray radiation during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a promising technique for treating coronary artery disease. Therefore, lead arm support may effectively reduce occupational radiation dose to cardiologists.

PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate the reduction of stray radiation using a novel detachable lead arm support (DLAS) in PCI.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dedicated cardiovascular angiography system was equipped with the conventional 0.5-mm lead curtain suspended from the table side rail. The DLAS was developed using an L-shaped acrylic board and detachable water-resistant covers encasing the 0.5-, 0.75-, or 1.0-mm lead. The DLAS was placed adjacent to a female anthropomorphic phantom lying on the examination tabletop at the patient entrance reference point. An ionization chamber survey meter was placed 100 cm away from the isocenter to emulate the cardiologist’s position. Dose reduction using the L-shaped acrylic board, DLAS, lead curtain, and their combination each was measured at five heights (80-160 cm in 20-cm increments) when acquiring cardiac images of the patient phantom with 10 gantry angulations, typical for PCI.

RESULTS: Median dose reductions of stray radiation using the L-shaped acrylic board were 9.0%, 8.8%, 12.4%, 12.3%, and 6.4% at 80-, 100-, 120-, 140-, and 160-cm heights, respectively. Dose reduction using DLAS with a 0.5-mm lead was almost identical to that using DLAS with 0.75- and 1.0-mm leads; mean dose reductions using these three DLASs increased to 16.2%, 45.1%, 66.0%, 64.2%, and 43.0%, respectively. Similarly, dose reductions using the conventional lead curtain were 95.9%, 95.5%, 83.7%, 26.0%, and 19.6%, respectively. The combination of DLAS with 0.5-mm lead and lead curtain could increase dose reductions to 96.0%, 95.8%, 93.8%, 71.1%, and 47.1%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: DLAS reduces stray radiation at 120-, 140-, and 160-cm heights, where the conventional lead curtain provides insufficient protection.

PMID:36001385 | DOI:10.1002/acm2.13763

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