Relationship of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure with vascular damages among sanitation workers

J Environ Sci Health C Toxicol Carcinog. 2022 Jun 6:1-18. doi: 10.1080/26896583.2022.2062199. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Chronic exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) leads to a high incidence of cardiovascular diseases. To assess the effects of PAHs exposure on vascular damages in occupationally exposed populations, 196 sanitation workers were recruited. According to the differences of occupation or operation, they were divided into exposure group (n = 115) and control group (n = 81). Sixteen serum PAHs were determined by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometery. Tumor necrosis factor ɑ (TNF-ɑ) and angiotensin II (ANG-II) in serum, blood lipids and blood pressure were also measured. Results showed that, except for indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene and benzo(g,h,i)perylene, the detection frequencies of other PAHs were above 85%, showing that subjects are generally exposed to PAHs. The top three compounds in serum concentrations of PAHs were phenanthrene, acenaphthylene and anthracene. Moreover, the concentrations of total serum PAHs in the exposure group were significantly higher than those in the control (p < 0.05), suggesting a higher PAHs exposure in the former. Though there was no significant difference in blood lipids and blood pressure between groups (p > 0.05), TNF-ɑ and ANG-II levels in the exposure group were significantly higher than those in the control group (p < 0.05), suggesting that PAHs exposure may be related to pro-inflammatory effects and vascular endothelial damages.

PMID:35895920 | DOI:10.1080/26896583.2022.2062199

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