Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2021 Oct 30;57:102474. doi: 10.1016/j.msksp.2021.102474. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The evidence indicating presence of psychological factors concerns in individuals who report persistent residual pain and disability over a longer term after distal radius fractures (DRF) is emerging but requires further inquiry.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of persistent wrist pain and disability at 6-months after DRF with the presence of psychological factors.
METHODS: Eighty-five patients with DRF were evaluated for wrist pain and disability with subscales of Patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE), 6-months after the fracture. The associations of wrist pain and disability with these psychological factors at 6-months after DRF were examined using multivariable logistic regression models. The ability of PRWE scores at 6-months after DRF to accurately classify individuals with and without these psychological factors was examined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).
RESULTS: Higher PRWE-P scores were significantly associated with worse pain catastrophizing, having emotional distress, and fear of performing wrist movements. In addition, higher PRWE-F scores were also highly associated with worse pain catastrophizing, having emotional distress, and fear of performing wrist movements. The PRWE-P or PRWE-F Scores of ≥18/50 showed the best combination of sensitivity and specificity in identifying individuals with pain catastrophizing, emotional distress, and fear of performing wrist movements at 6-months after DRF (AUC values of ≥0.88).
CONCLUSION: The novel finding of this study is that scores of ≥18/50 PRWE-P or PRWEF can be used to screen for the presence of these psychological factors.
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