Social frailty is independently associated with geriatric depression among older adults living in northern Japan: A cross-sectional study of ORANGE registry

Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2021 Dec 22. doi: 10.1111/ggi.14330. Online ahead of print.


AIM: To clarify prevalence of social frailty among older adults living in a rural Japanese community, and factors associated with social frailty status.

METHODS: In total, 322 adults aged ≥65 years living in a Japanese rural community took part in the study from 2018 to 2020. Social frailty was defined as deficiencies of: (i) living alone; (ii) talking with someone every day; (iii) feeling helpful to friends or family; (iv) going out less frequently compared with last year; and (v) visiting friends sometimes. Social frail status was categorized as robust (0), social prefrail (1), and social frail (≥2), according to the summated score of Makizako’s criteria. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to clarify factors associated with social frailty status.

RESULTS: Final samples were classified into 68 persons with social frailty, 98 persons with social prefrailty and 147 persons as robust. We observed the prevalence of social frailty (21.7%) and social prefrailty (31.3%) and the GDS-15 had significantly high scores in the social frail groups. Social frailty was significantly associated with the GDS-15 score (odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.19-1.49) and TMT-A (odds ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08) and GDS-15 (odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03-1.26) were extracted as independent variables of social prefrail status, with adjustment for demographics, polypharmacy and lifestyle-related diseases.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that social frailty tends to be increasing gradually in a Japanese rural area, and social prefrailty might be potentially associated with attentional function, as well as the GDS-15 score. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; ••: ••-••.

PMID:34935256 | DOI:10.1111/ggi.14330

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