Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Oct 23;239:113868. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113868. Online ahead of print.
When evaluating noise-related cardiovascular risk, noise is generally solely assessed as the major stressor. However, cardiovascular effect of other simultaneous exposure events, such as unhealthy lifestyle and genetic variation, is easily neglected. The aim of this study is to estimate the combined effect of noise and lifestyle on blood pressure alteration, particularly under different genetic background. This study included 536 workers from a tobacco factory in Wuhan, China, who were divided into high exposure group and low exposure group according to noise measurement in their working area. All participants took annual physical examination and questionnaire survey to provide information on individual systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and lifestyle (smoking, drinking and physical activity). Single nucleotide polymorphism at genes related to stress hormone production were determined. Moderated moderation models were constructed to investigate the interaction effect of noise exposure and lifestyle factors on blood pressure with regard to different genetic background. We identified an expected trend in association between noise exposure and SBP among active smokers (P = 0.086). The moderated moderation analysis showed significant three-way interaction effect (COMT rs4680 × smoking status × noise exposure levels) on SBP or DBP (both P < 0.05). For COMT rs4680 GA+AA genotype carriers, active smoking significantly moderated the association between noise exposure and SBP or DBP (both P < 0.05). The results indicated that for COMT rs4680 A allele carriers, tobacco and noise exposure contribute collectively to blood pressure alteration, supporting that stress hormone production may play a certain role in the smoke-and-noise-induced cardiovascular effect.
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