Supercritical carbon dioxide decellularized porcine cartilage graft with PRP attenuated OA progression and regenerated articular cartilage in ACLT-induced OA rats

J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2021 Sep 28. doi: 10.1002/term.3252. Online ahead of print.


Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative articular disorder and considered one of the primary causes of pain and functional disability. Knee OA is prevalent in 10% of men and 13% of women aged 60 years above. The study aims to use cartilage tissue engineering that combines the triads of decellularized porcine cartilage graft as “scaffold”, plasma rich platelet (PRP) as “signal” and chondrocytes from rat as “cell” to attenuate ACLT-induced OA progression and regenerate the knee cartilage in rats. Decellularization of the porcine cartilage was characterized by hematoxylin and eosin, DAPI staining, scanning electron microscopy and residual DNA quantification. The protective effect of decellularized porcine cartilage graft (dPCG) was evaluated by intra-articular administration in surgically induced anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) rat osteoarthritis (OA) model. SCCO2 technology completely decellularized the porcine cartilage. Intra-articular administration of dPCG with or without PRP significantly reduced the ACLT-induced OA symptoms and attenuated the OA progression. Pain-relief by dPCG with or without PRP was assessed by capacitance meter and improved articular cartilage damage in the rat knee was characterized by X-ray and micro-CT. Besides, the histological analysis depicted cartilage protection by dPCG with or without PRP. The repairation and attenuation effect by dPCG with or without PRP in the articular knee cartilage damage were also explored by safranin-O, type II collagen, aggrecan and SOX-9 immuno-staining. To conclude, intra-articular administration of dPCG with or without PRP is efficient in repairing the damaged cartilage in the experimental OA model. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:34581513 | DOI:10.1002/term.3252

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