Eur J Clin Invest. 2021 Oct 25:e13692. doi: 10.1111/eci.13692. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) has been reported to have prognostic ability in various cardiovascular diseases; however, it has not been studied in type-B aortic dissection (TBAD). We aimed to explore the relation of SII with short-term and long-term outcomes in TBAD patients undergoing thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR).
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database from 2010 to 2017. The patients were divided into two groups (high SII and low SII) as per the optimal cut-off value determined using the receiver operating characteristic curve. Multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses were performed to analyse the relationship between the SII and the short-term and long-term outcomes.
RESULTS: A total of 805 TBAD patients who underwent TEVAR were enrolled. Twenty-six (3.2%) patients died during hospitalisation. At the end of a median follow-up duration of 48.80 mon, 70 (9.8%) patients had died. The patients were divided into the high-SII group [n = 333 (41.4%%)] and the low-SII group [n = 472 (58.6%)] as per the optimal cut-off value of 1062. Multivariable logistic analyses showed that a high-SII score was independently associated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in-hospital (odd ratio [OR], 1.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-2.47; p = 0.01). In addition, multivariable cox analyses showed that a high-SII score could be an independent indicator for follow-up adverse events (hazard ratio [HR], 1.70; 95% CI, 1.14-2.56, p = 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: SII is associated with both in-hospital and long-term outcome in patients with TBAD undergoing TEVAR. Therefore, SII may serve as valuable tool for risk stratification before intervention.
PMID:34695253 | DOI:10.1111/eci.13692
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