The application of narrative therapy in convalescent patients with occupational acute chemical toxic encephalopathy

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2021 Aug 20;39(8):598-601. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20200630-00374.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of narrative therapy on cognition, emotion and treatment satisfaction of convalescent patients with occupational acute chemical toxic encephalopathy. Methods: From June to July 2019, 60 convalescent patients with occupational chemical poisoning encephalopathy were randomly divided into narrative group and control group, with 30 cases in each group. The control group received routine clinical treatment. On the basis of receiving the original clinical treatment, patients in the narrative group added narrative treatment once a week to explain discomfort in specific life situations through conversation from the perspective of disease and psychology. 30 min each time for 6 weeks. The patients were investigated with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA scale) every 2 weeks to evaluate the degree of cognitive impairment. The changes of depression, anxiety and treatment satisfaction were investigated before and after intervention. Results: There was no significant difference in MoCA scores between the two groups before intervention (P>0.05) . After 6 weeks of treatment, MoCA scores of narrative group and control group gradually increased with the extension of treatment time, and the increase degree of MoCA score of narrative group was greater than that of control group (P<0.01) . Before intervention, there was no significant difference in depression, anxiety score, prevalence and satisfaction index between narrative group and control group (P>0.05) . After the intervention, the scores and prevalence of depression and anxiety in the narrative group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the scores of feeling in the process of seeing a doctor and how to obtain their own disease information were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Narrative therapy can improve the cognitive function and emotion of patients with occupational chemical poisoning, and improve the treatment satisfaction of patients.

PMID:34488269 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn121094-20200630-00374

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