The Potential Economic Value of Lecanemab in Patients with Early Alzheimer’s Disease Using Simulation Modeling

Neurol Ther. 2022 Jun 20. doi: 10.1007/s40120-022-00373-5. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease that affects memory, thinking, and behavior and places a substantial economic burden on caregivers and healthcare systems. This early-phase study aimed to model lecanemab, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting amyloid protofibrils, for patients with early AD, and estimate the potential value-based price (VBP) of lecanemab + standard of care (SoC) compared to SoC alone given an expected product profile of lecanemab informed by data from a phase II trial from payer and societal perspectives using a broad range of willingness-to-pay (WTP) thresholds in the USA.

METHODS: A disease simulation model was used to capture how key AD pathology components relate to the clinical and economic presentation of AD. The effects of disease modification and early intervention on disease progression were simulated on the basis of BAN2401-G000-201 trial data as well as published literature. Model outcomes included patient and caregiver quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), total life years, and total care costs including direct medical and non-medical costs for healthcare resource use and indirect costs for caregiving over a lifetime horizon.

RESULTS: Lecanemab + SoC was predicted to result in a gain of 0.61 QALYs (societal, 0.64) and a $8707 decrease in total non-treatment costs (societal, $11,214) vs. SoC alone for patients with early AD. For a WTP threshold range of $50,000 to $200,000 per QALY gained, the potential annual VBP of lecanemab was estimated at $9249 (societal, $10,400) to $35,605 (societal, $38,053), respectively. Other patient subsets, treatment stopping rules, and dosing regimens were used to assess the sensitivity of the VBP estimates.

CONCLUSION: The early model predicted that lecanemab would potentially improve long-term health outcomes and reduce formal and informal care costs, resulting in a range of VBPs that reflect the value of lecanemab to society.

PMID:35718854 | DOI:10.1007/s40120-022-00373-5

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