Disabil Rehabil. 2022 Jun 18:1-14. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2087765. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability and validity of the Perceive, Recall, Plan and Perform System of Task Analysis (PRPP-Assessment) by parent-provided videos of children with mitochondrial disorders.
METHODS: Videos of 13 children performing 3-7 activities each were the subject of study, resulting in 65 activities. These were scored using the PRPP-Assessment by 11 raters. Internal consistency was calculated with Cronbach’s alpha. Intra-rater reliability was evaluated by Bland-Altman Plots on 44 PRPP-Assessment scores. Inter-rater reliability was calculated with ICCAgreement on 128 PRPP-Assessment scores. Construct validity was assessed by comparing the PRPP-Assessment scores to the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure using Cohen’s Kappa. PRPP-Assessments scores were evaluated with a multi-faceted Rasch Analysis.
RESULTS: Internal consistency was high (0.92). Intra-rater reliability was sufficient to be good (92-96% within the 95%-Limits of the Agreement). The ICCAgreement for stage 1 Mastery Score showed acceptable inter-rater reliability (0.646). Stage 2 of the PRPP-Assessment showed low ICCs due to a lack of variability within the sample. Four out of six hypotheses on validity were accepted. Rasch’s analysis demonstrated sound goodness-of-fit, and supported the validity of the PRPP-Assessment.
CONCLUSION: The PRPP-Assessment by parent-provided videos in this heterogenic group showed sufficient to good psychometric properties. In practice, careful task selection and formulating criterion is recommended.Implications for RehabilitationPRPP-Assessment by parent-provided videos is reliable and valid in the complex, heterogenous group of children with mitochondrial disordersThe PRPP-Assessment is suitable for children with mitochondrial disorders as it showed to contain familiar, functional and meaningful tasks and activities that fit with their level of functioningProfessionals should be aware that parents might not be used to the criterium-based frame of reference of the PRPP-AssessmentWhen applying the PRPP-Assessment, it is recommended to be careful in task selection and formulating the criterion.
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