Virtual-assisted lung mapping in sublobar resection of small pulmonary nodules, long-term results

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2021 Oct 18:ezab421. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezab421. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: The short-term efficacy of virtual-assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP), a preoperative bronchoscopic multi-spot lung-marking technique, has been confirmed in 2 prospective multicentre studies. The objectives of this study were to analyse the local recurrence and survival of patients enrolled in these studies, long-term.

METHODS: Of the 663 patients enrolled in the 2 studies, 559 patients’ follow-up data were collected. After excluding those who did not undergo VAL-MAP, whose resection was not for curative intent, who underwent concurrent resection without VAL-MAP, or who eventually underwent lobectomy instead of sublobar resection (i.e. wedge resection or segmentectomy), 422 patients were further analysed.

RESULTS: Among 264 patients with primary lung cancer, the 5-year local recurrence-free rate was 98.4%, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 94.5%. Limited to stage IA2 or less (≤2 cm in diameter; n = 238, 90.1%), the 5-year local recurrence-free and OS rates were 98.7% and 94.8%, respectively. Among 102 patients with metastatic lung tumours, the 5-year local recurrence-free rate was 93.8% and the 5-year OS rate was 81.8%. Limited to the most common (colorectal) cancer (n = 53), the 5-year local recurrence-free and OS rates were 94.9% and 82.3%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: VAL-MAP, which is beneficial in localizing small barely palpable pulmonary lesions and determining the appropriate resection lines, was associated with reasonable long-term outcomes.


PMID:34662398 | DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezab421

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